Climate change is a global issue that requires international cooperation to combat. International agreements on climate change aim to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, mitigate the effects of climate change, and facilitate adaptation to its impacts.

The most important international agreement on climate change is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was adopted in 1992. The UNFCCC establishes the obligations of countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, monitor their emissions, and support developing countries in their efforts to adapt to climate change.

The Paris Agreement of 2015 is the most recent and significant agreement on climate change. The Paris Agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement also seeks to enhance the ability of countries to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and to make finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding agreement, and its implementation is monitored through a system of transparency and accountability. Countries are required to submit their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which outline their targets and actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement also establishes a global stocktake to assess collective progress towards achieving the goals of the agreement.

Other international agreements on climate change include the Kyoto Protocol, which was adopted in 1997 and established binding emission reduction targets for developed countries. The Doha Amendment, adopted in 2012, extended the Kyoto Protocol until 2020. The Montreal Protocol, adopted in 1987, aimed to reduce the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances, which also have a significant impact on climate change.

In conclusion, international agreements on climate change are crucial in addressing the challenges of global warming. The UNFCCC, the Paris Agreement, and other international agreements provide a framework for countries to work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The implementation of these agreements requires the commitment and cooperation of all countries to achieve a sustainable future for the planet.